Though rightly famed for its golden beaches and picturesque cities, Portugal is less well known for its hiking paths. This is good news for those in search of incredible trails without the crowds to match. 

This Iberian nation is packed with countless scenic routes, from clifftop journeys overlooking the crashing waves to craggy mountain trails in well-preserved parks and nature preserves. Hiking here is not only about enjoying panoramic views and spotting wildlife; stepping onto the trail can also take you back in time to traditional stone villages and along ancient routes once used by the Romans. 

In general, the best time to hike is in the spring and fall, although if you’re heading south, the winter doesn’t disappoint. You’ll have cool but mostly pleasant days and enjoy a welcome lack of crowds wherever you go. Here are seven of our favorite hikes in Portugal.

A sign points in the direction of Fóia, the highest point of the Algarve in Portugal. A hiker stands on top of the peak in the background.
Hike up to Fóia peak, the highest point in the Algarve © EunikaSopotnicka / Getty Images

1. Via Algarviana

Best long-distance hike in the southern interior
300km (186 miles), 2–3 weeks, moderate

If you’ve had enough of lounging on one of the Algarve’s postcard-pretty beaches, a hike along part – or, if you’re really brave, all – of the 300km-long Via Algarviana is the best way to appreciate the magnificent landscapes of this region.

The trail stretches from Alcoutim in the northeast to the Cabo de São Vicente in the southwest. Some of the most beautiful sections are around Monchique, where splendid vistas open up as you climb through cork groves to the Algarve's highest peaks.

For a two-day taster of the trail, stay in Monchique, walk up to Picota and back one day, and up to Fóia and back the next. Avoid high summer, when temperatures can be extreme and wildfires can pose a hazard.

2. Seven Hanging Valleys Trail

Best walk along sea cliffs 
5.7km (3.5 miles) one-way, 2–3 hours, moderate

The central coast of the Algarve is the starting point for one of the loveliest seaside walks in the Iberian peninsula. Multicolored rock formations, the scent of the salt-tinged air, and the sound of crashing waves all set the stage for an immersive hike along coastal cliffs.

The light is most impressive in the early morning or late in the day, but in truth, there’s no bad time to go. Even if you go in the heat of the day, you can cool off at beaches along the way (or wait until lovely Praia da Marinha at the end of the trail).

Don’t miss key photo opportunities, like the Alfanzina lighthouse or the wind-carved arches jutting into the ocean at Praia da Mesquita. The walk also passes over the Benagil Caves, but if you want to see the spectacular interior, head down to Praia de Benagil, where you can arrange a boat trip.

The village of Piódão in Portugal. The rural mountain village is built on a steep slope, and consists of a number of traditional stone houses.
Hike from the beautiful Piódão village to Foz d’Égua © Paulo Dias Photography / Getty Images

3. Piódão to Foz d’Égua Loop

Best village-to-village walk
6.8km (4.2 miles), round-trip, 2 hours, moderate

A trip to the tiny village of Piódão takes you deep into the Serra de Açor (Goshawk Mountains), a remote range of vertiginous ridges, deeply cut valleys, rivers, and virgin woodland. The village itself is extremely atmospheric, set among steeply terraced slopes with its grey schist houses clinging to the verdant hills, but it can get busy with tourists. 

To escape the crowds and enjoy the serenity of this magnificent region, take the short signposted trail to the nearby village of Foz d’Égua, home to some lovely old stone bridges, schist houses, and a precarious-looking footbridge over the river gorge. You can loop back on a different path with magnificent views over the verdant landscape.

4. Paiva Walkways 

Best river walk  
8km (5 miles) one-way, 3 hours, moderate

Hidden in northern Portugal’s Aveiro region is one of the country's best inland walks. The Passadiços do Paiva take you along a series of staircases and walkways that cling to the hillsides overlooking the gurgling Paiva River.

Enjoy beautiful views over a rugged valley and plenty of opportunities to cool off, with three river beaches along the way. At the journey’s end (or beginning), you can make an optional visit to Ponte 516 Arouca, the world’s longest pedestrian suspension bridge

Preparation is essential for this walk. It's located in the Arouca Geopark, and you must have a (very reasonably priced) ticket to go on the walk. It’s easiest and cheapest to book this online. You’ll also need your own vehicle to reach the trailhead since there are no buses here, as well as a firm idea of your itinerary.

You can start in either Areinho or Espiunca and take a taxi back to your starting point at the end. If you’re only planning to go one way, however, it’s less strenuous to begin in Areinho. If you’re planning to do a roundtrip hike, then you should start in Espiunca and get the harder bits out of the way first.

5. Via Geira Roman Road

Best historical trail 
4.3km (2.7 miles), one-way, 1–2 hours, easy

One of Parque Nacional da Peneda-Gerês' unforgettable hiking experiences is the Via Geira, an ancient Roman road that once stretched nearly 322km (200 miles) between Braga and Astorga (Spain) and now has World Heritage status. The most beautiful stretch begins at Portela do Homem, where the Roman milepost XXXIV still stands.

From the milepost, you can walk southwest, following the Rio Homem downhill through the beautiful Mata de Albergaria forest. This entire stretch is littered with Roman trail markers – some inscribed with the name of the emperor during whose rule they were erected.

6. Rocha da Pena circuit

Best off-the-beaten-path hike 
6.6km (4.1 miles) round-trip, 2–3 hours, moderate 

The Serra do Caldeirão's most worthwhile short walk is climbing this limestone escarpment via a well-signposted circuit. The area has 450 different plant species, including native daffodils and bee orchids. Among the birdlife you might see are the short-toed snake-eagle, Iberian green woodpecker, and Egyptian vulture.

Don’t miss the optional detour up to Talefe, the highest point in the Rocha da Pena at 479m (1571ft), with mesmerizing views over the Algarve’s hinterlands.

Museums in Salir, Alte, and Querença stock a basic map guide. Carry water and snacks (the only refreshment stops are small shops/cafes at the base and in Pena village) and heed seasonal forest fire warnings. The Rocha da Pena is also popular with rock climbers.

An aerial shot of a hiking path running along coastal cliffs
There is a coastal and an inland trail on the Rota Vicentina © Vitaly Fedotov / Shutterstock

7. Rota Vicentina 

Best coastal walk in Portugal
Fishermen’s Trail 226km (141 miles), Historical Way 263km (163 miles), 14 days each trail, moderate   

The Rota Vicentina comprises two walking trails – one coastal and one inland – and runs along the southwest coast to Cabo de São Vincente. The coastal walk (better known as the Fishermen’s Trail) uses paths forged by beachgoers and fisherfolk and passes through some of Portugal’s most dramatic coastal scenery.

The inland route (the Historical Way) is equally appealing. It passes through rural villages, cork-tree forests, and river valleys, with a scenic coastal section anchoring the southern end of the trail. 

Both trails are made up of sections, and it’s rarely more than 25km (15.5 miles) between villages, where you can lodge for the night (thus, no need to bring camping gear). The Fishermen’s Trail has 13 sections, totaling 226km (141 miles), and the walk is slightly more difficult with some passages on dunes and thigh-burning sands.

At times it runs along the cliffs, mostly single track, and only walkers are allowed. The longer Historical Way has 13 sections totaling 263km (163 miles). Trails are wider, and the walk is generally easier; mountain bikes are permitted.

This article was first published Jul 8, 2021 and updated Dec 4, 2023.

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